Congenital Heart Disease Classification

Congenital Heart Disease Classification

Congenital Heart Disease Definition

Congenital Heart Disease Classification Those outside the medical profession don’t understand that heart troubles might be. The most typical type of coronary disease is Coronary Artery Disease, which might lead to myocardial infarction. Heart had a problem when you were born, You may have had a small hole in the heart

Congenital Heart Disease Causes

  • Problems with genes or chromosomes within the kid, like mental retardation
  • Taking sure medications, or alcohol or drug abuse during pregnancy
  • A virus infection, like rubella (German measles) in the mother in the first trimester of pregnancy

Congenital Heart Disease Classification includes congenital heart problems, heart valve disease, blood vessel disease, pericardial disease, abnormal heart rhythms, heart failure, heart disease, or aorta disease. Since these are ailments, each has its own set of warning signals or symptoms you’ll need to know about.

So it essential that if you’ve any symptom you visit your physician A lot of the symptoms of every disease are comparable to the signs of diseases. Coronary artery disease is the heart issues that are typical.

Congenital Heart Disease Symptoms

The symptoms of the disease include pain, or a pressurized or heavy feeling, in the chest

These feelings can be experienced in the shoulders or arms, as well as the neck, neck, back, or neck.

Breathing is a symptom because are nausea, weakness, nausea, perspiration, palpitations, and an irregular pulse. The signs of myocardial infarction are precisely the same as well.

Irregular heart rhythms have signs including tiredness, dizziness, fainting discomfort in the region of the chest, difficulty breathing, and palpitations.

1# Acyanotic

  • Interrupted Aortic Arch
  • Aortic Stenosis
  • Ventricular Septal Defect
  • Atrial Septal Defect

2# Cyanotic Defects

  • Hypoplastic Ventricle
  • Pulmonary Stenosis
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • D transposition of the great vessels
  • Tricuspid atresia

Noncyanotic CHD (L R)

  1. Atrial septal defects (ASD)
  2. Ventricular septal defects (VSD)
  3. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
  4. Obstruction to blood flow
  • Pulmonic stenosis (PS)
  • Aortic stenosis (AS)
  • Aortic coarctation

Atrial Septal Defect

Congenital Heart Disease Classification
Congenital Heart Disease Classification
  1. Most commonly asymptomatic
  2. Essentials of diagnosis:
  • Right ventricular heave
  • S2 widely split and usually fixed
  • Grade I-III/VI systolic murmur at the pulmonary area
  • Widely radiating systolic murmur mimicking PPS in infancy
  • Cardiac enlargement on CXR

Three Major Types

  1. Ostium Secundum
  • most common
  • In the middle of the septum in the region of the foramen ovale

2. Ostium primum

  • Low position
  • A form of AV septal defect

3. Sinus venosus

  • Least common

Positioned high in the atrial septum

Treatment

  1. Closure typically counseled once magnitude relation of a respiratory organ to general blood flow (qP/qS) is > 2:1
  2. The operation performed electively between ages one and three years

Previously surgical; now often closed interventionally

 

Ventricular Septal Defect

Congenital Heart Disease Classification
Congenital Heart Disease Classification

 

  1. Single commonest inherent heart malformation, accounting for almost 30% of all CHD
  2. Defects will occur in each the membranous portion of the septum (most common) and therefore the muscular portion
  3. Three major types
  4. Small, hemodynamically insignificant
  • Between 80% and 85% of all VSDs
  • < 3 mm in diameter
  • All close spontaneously
  •   50% by 2 years
  •   90% by 6 years
  •   10% during school years

Muscular close sooner than membranous

Moderate VSDs

  • 3-5 mm in diameter
  • Least common group of children (3-5%)
  • Without proof of CHF or respiratory organ cardiovascular disease, may be followed until spontaneous closure occurs

Large VSDs with normal PVR

  • 6-10 mm in diameter
  • Usually requires surgery, otherwise…
  • Will develop CHF and FTT by age 3-6 months

Clinical findings

  • Grade II-IV/VI, medium- to high-pitched, harsh pansystolic murmur heard best at the left sternal border with radiation over the entire precordium

Treatment

  • Indicated for the closure of a VSD associated with CHF and pulmonary hypertension
  • Patients with an enlarged heart, poor growth, poor exercise tolerance, or other clinical abnormalities and a QP/qS > 2:1 typically undergo surgical repair at 3-6 mo

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Congenital Heart Disease Classification
Congenital Heart Disease Classification
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Patent Ductus Arteriosus

 

  • Persistence of traditional craniate vessel connection the arteria pulmonalis to the artery
  • Closes ad lib in traditional term infants at 3-5 days elderly

Congenital Heart Disease Classification Epi facts:-

  1. Accounts for concerning 100% of all cases of CHD
  2. Higher incidence of the personal organizer in infants born at high altitudes (> ten,000 feet)
  3. More common in females
  • Accounts for regarding 100 percent of all cases of CHD
  • Higher incidence of the personal organizer in infants born at high altitudes (over ten,000 feet)
  • More common in females
  • Clinical findings and course depend upon the size of the shunt and therefore the degree of associated respiratory organ cardiovascular disease
  • Pulses are bounding and pulse pressure is widened
  • Characteristically encompasses a rough “machinery” murmur that peaks at S2 and becomes a decrescendo murmur and fades before the S1
  • Treatment consists of surgical correction once the personal organizer is giant except in patients with respiratory organ tube preventive sickness
  • Transcatheter closure of tiny defects has become customary medical aid
  • In preterm infants, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory is employed (80-90% success in infants > 1200 grams)

It’s significant to understand that these same symptoms can be implemented to congenital heart diseases as well.

Signs of Pericarditis contain sharp torso pain, faster heart rate, and a low fever. Again, as you can tell, the signs of the various heart ailments are so comparable from one condition to another, that it’s impossible to ascertain what the situation is without further medical testing.

It’s also important to understand that these aren’t the only ailments of the heart, but they’re the most typical diseases. In case you’ve any symptoms that you’ve not experienced before, it’s essential that you seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

While heart problems are very serious, it is not the end of the world – or at the very least, it isn’t necessarily. The earlier you begin getting treatment, the less your heart will be damaged.

Medical Surgical Hut likes speaking around Urbane Scrubs and Landau Scrubs and also likes writing articles about numerous topics.

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Classification of congenital heart Disease
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